# What is it meant by two different groups in stereoisomerism?

I understand there are some properties in an organic compound that allow stereoisomerism.

• double bond can't rotate

• two double bonded carbon atoms each have two different atoms or groups attached

I'm unsure by the meaning of two different atoms/groups around on each side of the double bond.

With respect to but-2-ene. From my understanding, both sides of the carbon atom have $\ce{-CH3}$ on either side of the double bond so how does this comply with the rule that "Two different atoms or groups attached around each carbon of the double bond"

• – Loong Mar 20 '18 at 12:06

The picture that you gave has two $\ce{CH3}$ groups on one side. That is called cis - as they are on the same side. There is another isomer, called trans. That is when one of the $\ce{CH3}$ is on the top and the other $\ce{CH3}$ is at the bottom. The arrangements of the $\ce{CH3}$ and $\ce{H}$ is different in cis and trans.