What are hybridisation states of each carbon atom in the following compounds?
How do I find the hybridisation of the orbitals of the carbon atom in such compounds?
My method for finding the hybridization of the orbitals of an atom in a molecule:
For hydrocarbons, if the carbon atom forms only σ bonds, the orbitals of it will be sp3 hybridised. If the carbon atom forms a π bond, its orbitals are sp2 hybridised. If the carbon atom forms two π bonds, its orbitals are sp hybridised.
Just apply the bond method which is the simplest and most effective. Count the number of bond pairs of central atoms excluding pi-bonds and the number Of lone pairs and match the corresponding hybridisation.