While acquiring some NMRs I find that there is a consistent pattern in that protons attached to sp2 carbons tend to have slightly smaller integrals than protons attached to sp3 carbons:
(peaks in aromatic region are from a para-disubstituted benzene ring; peak at 4.92 ppm is from a trisubstituted alkene; 4.50 is a NH; the remainder are aliphatic CH2's or CH3's.)
I calibrated the total sum of integrals to 21; one can see from the spectrum that the aromatic and olefinic peaks are slightly smaller than integral values, and the others are slightly larger. Obviously it doesn't hinder the analysis of the spectrum, but it was an interesting trend (the same was observed in multiple spectra).
Am I reading too much into this, or is there a reason behind it? I strongly suspect there is something - perhaps related to the marginally slower relaxation of these protons, since there are no geminal protons (only vicinal protons)?
If it is of relevance - a 60° pulse is used (pulse program
zg60). The number of scans
ns is 16, and the relaxation delay
d1 is 1 second. I'm happy to provide any other necessary acquisition parameters, or to provide the full structure of the compound if it's necessary.
P/S I found something in Findeisen & Berger's 50 and More Essential NMR Experiments, in which they mention that the integral of an aromatic proton in strychnine is smaller than expected as it has the longest relaxation time. Even though the authors used
ns = 1, too short a delay between the receiver gain adjust and the scan was used, which led to incomplete relaxation and hence a smaller integral.