I want to investigate how temperature affect the concentration of oxygen in air as it will affect how much oxygen we inhale per breathe. Oxygen by percent composition in air is 20.95%. However, the oxygen concentration/density in air varies due to the expansion of gas particles and varies inversely wth temperature according to P/RT=n/V (where n/V is the density of gas).
I did an experiment that involves the rusting of steel wool to determine the percent oxygen in air by volume (determined by volume of water rose in a test tube divided by the total volume of air in the test tube). However, I'm not sure if the % oxygen I determined is a measure of the oxygen density (if so I can convert the percentage to ppm).
My initial hypothesis is that as there are less oxygen molecules in hot air, water level will rise less since there is less oxygen reacting with the steel wool (compared to cold air). Hence lower % oxygen concentration. Vice versa for cold air.
Then later, I'm thinking that as oxygen molecules (or any gas particles) are heated, they move quicker so each oxygen molecule will occupy more volume. Vice versa if the gas particles are colder. However, since there are more oxygen molecules in cold air than warm air, the increase in number of oxygen molecules will occupy more volume and make up for the smaller volume each oxygen molecule occupy by slower movement.
Therefore, the % oxygen in air by volume I determined by the volume of rising water level over the volume of air, will theoretically be the same and hence it can't be used to determine the oxygen density in air.
But then I also saw a picture of a vernier O2 probe with percentage O2 reading (which im not sure if it's percent by volume or percent composition) that can be converted to concentration in ppm by a click of a button. I then did some research and found out percentage concentration (by mass or by volume) can be converted to ppm (which will be a measure of oxygen density).