Is there any chemical substance, whose solubility increases with decrease in temperature ?

  • $\begingroup$ I think the keyword you are looking for is lower critical solution temperature (LCST). A very prominent example of a substance having such a LCST is Poly(N-isopropylacrylamide) (maybe better known by one of its abbreviations: PNIPA, PNIPAAm, NIPA, PNIPAA or PNIPAm). $\endgroup$ – Philipp Feb 6 '14 at 11:47
  • $\begingroup$ Gases are usually more soluble in water at lower temperatures. $\endgroup$ – Klaus-Dieter Warzecha Feb 6 '14 at 12:05
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    $\begingroup$ If you have some patience, you can browse this table on Wikipedia and find substances where solubility decreases with temperature. Examples are cadmium selenate, cadmium sulphate, strontium acetate, lithium carbonate, etc. It's interesting that a good fraction of solids with lower solubility in warm water are sulphates/selenates. $\endgroup$ – Nicolau Saker Neto Feb 6 '14 at 13:02
  • $\begingroup$ Maybe you could improve a little bit the question: the body of the question in my opinion could be the question itself and you could write what you are looking for: list of substance, examples, explanations, plots (:-)) in the body instead of it! $\endgroup$ – G M Feb 6 '14 at 16:09
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    $\begingroup$ Vague question. Solubility in what solvent? $\endgroup$ – shre_sudh_97 May 20 '16 at 11:31

Gases are usually more soluble at lower temperature, in fact there are some solid substances the show this behavior too. The classical example is $Cerium \space III sulphate$ $Ce_2(SO_4)_3$. This behavior is due to the fact that $Ce_2(SO_4)_3$ has an exothermic Heat of Solution. So for the principle of Le Chatelier increasing the temperature cause a decrease of the solubility of the salt that tend to compensate the increment of temperature absorbing energy through the formation of a precipitate, that in this case is an endothermic process.

These substance are not so common, however if you deal with sulphate, selenate or some strange metals you should take a look in literature checking if they have this behavior. As suggested Nicolau Saker Neto I've check the wikipedia list, I've made this plot from there, in the Y axis is shown how much the substance is soluble in water as grams dissolved per 100 grams of water: enter image description here


The solubility of a solid depends on the temperature in the following way: When the net dissolving heat is negative (i.e. when heat is given off by the dissolving process) the solubility is higher at lower temperatures because the energy is more readily absorbed by the dissolving medium. This works analogously the other way around (and is usually more the case, as you seem aware of).

For gases the relationship is usually the other way around (increase in temperature results in a decrease of solubility).

The reason for this gas solubility relationship with temperature is very similar to the reason that vapor pressure increases with temperature. Increased temperature causes an increase in kinetic energy. The higher kinetic energy causes more motion in molecules which break intermolecular bonds and escape from solution.

Further explanations (and the source of the quote above) can be found here.


Hydrothermal synthesis of berilinite is also retrograde (negative temperature coefficient) solubility.

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    $\begingroup$ Would you be willing to summarize the contents of those pages you link? We want to help combat link rot. $\endgroup$ – Ben Norris Feb 7 '14 at 11:33
  • $\begingroup$ Hydrothermal growth of quartz (positive temp coeff) has source and heat input at bottom. Plumes rise and cool, growing seed at top. Hydrothermal growth of berlinite (positive temp coeff) has the seed at the hot bottom, source at the cool top. $\endgroup$ – Uncle Al Feb 8 '14 at 0:44

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