My favorite "textbook" on home-chemistry is the Golden Book of Chemistry Experiments (Robert Brent).
It's a neat little book, and since it was published so long ago (1960s) it's not really available as a (literal) book these days. But fear not, because the PDF version can be easily found online!
A reliable place to download it from is archives.org.
I wouldn't recommend this to young children because quite a few experiments/projects mentioned there make use of an open flame (that's pretty much the only reason...). So be sure to conduct them in an open space far from anything inflammable.
Maybe this is the book/resource you're looking for? ;)
(A spot of light reading)
However, as the gents in the comments section have pointed out, conducting home-experiments won't (necessarily) make you a "Chemist". But I highly recommend you experiment (safety is important too) as frequent as you can, because over time it can firmly root a scientific bent of mind in you.
Intelligence, inquisitiveness and experience (and empathy) are highly prized values in the scientific world.
Besides, as you experiment at home (while you are still a high-school student) you'll soon stumble upon an extremely important idea:
No real experiment can be perfectly replicated
And you can only come to truly appreciate this fact when you experiment yourself...a lot.
No matter what experiment you do, no matter how perfect your set-up or procedure is, every time you conduct the same experiment you will never get the exact same result. Right now this "idea" may not seem like much (as a high-schooler, you might initially find this unbelievable), but its implications are profound and far-reaching.
That the fact that replicating experiments perfectly is impossible will soon lead you to another piece of insight: Probablity & Statistics rule science.
(End of light reading session)
Stemming from @andselisk's idea (in the comments under your post), you might find the following Youtube channels interesting (I'll try to add more when I get the time):
The next two are largely DIY channels, but some of their videos include projects that count as "Chemistry":
Thus armed with this knowledge, you shall sally forth and become a chemist (of sorts...)!