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So, we have the Freundlich's Isotherm equation as $\frac{x}{m} = kp^{\frac{1}n}$, where the LHS measures the extent of adsorption with the corresponding pressure $p$ in the RHS with the two constants, $k$ and $n > 1$. But, I got a little confused with the dimensions on both the sides. Since $\frac{x}{m}$ is dimensionless, so should be the RHS. Therefore, I reasoned that the constant $k$ having units should cancel out the units of $p^{\frac{1}n}$. But yet I'm confused, and I don't think its right. What is going on?

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Technically speaking, one typically wouldn't write the left hand side unitless, as it is the ratio of the mass of two different components (usually mg of some chemical per gram of the surface).

But, otherwise your intuition is correct and $k$ just needs units that will cancel with $p^{\frac{1}{n}}$ to give the units on the left hand side. So $k$ could have units of $\left(\dfrac{\text{mg chemical}}{\text{g surface}}\right)\left(\mathrm{bar^{\frac{-1}{n}}}\right)$.

We could also reformulate Freundlich's equation in terms of concentration (since we are dealing with an isotherm) as: $$q=KC^{\frac{1}{n}}$$ where $q=m/x$, $C$ is concentration of the chemical and $K$ is a new constant with units of $\left(\dfrac{\text{mg chemical}}{\text{g surface}}\right)\left(\mathrm{{\dfrac{L}{\text{mg chemical}}}}\right)^{\frac{-1}{n}}$.

Source

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