How is solubility different from dissolution? And how are they both different from solvation?
Solvation [...] is the process of attraction and association of molecules of a solvent with molecules or ions of a solute. As ions dissolve in a solvent they spread out and become surrounded by solvent molecules. [...]
Dissolution is a kinetic process, and is quantified by its rate. Solubility quantifies the dynamic equilibrium state achieved when the rate of dissolution equals the rate of precipitation.
Quote from Wikipedia.
• Dissolution is the process where a solute dissolves in a solvent to form a solution, whereas solubility is the outcome of dissolution.
• Solubility is a thermodynamic entity whereas dissolution is kinetic.
• Solubility is measured in mol/kg and dissolution is measured in mol/s
- the capacity of solute to be dissolved in a given amount of solvent (how many moles of solute are dissolved)
- solutes solubility is always questioned
- it is a thermodynamic process
- its unit is mol/kg
- rate of solute dissolving in a solution (how fast the solute dissolves)
- solute is always soluble
- it is a kinetic process
- its unit is mol/sec