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What is the difference between an assay and an extemporaneous preparation?

Can an extemporaneous preparation be labelled as the BP mixture?

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  • $\begingroup$ Usually most extemporaneous preparations are mixtures, solutions, creams, emulsions etc. and formulations are available in the British Pharmacopoeia and others $\endgroup$ – xavier_fakerat Apr 28 '17 at 5:06
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An assay is an investigative (analytic) procedure for qualitatively assessing or quantitatively measuring the presence, amount, or functional activity of a target entity (the analyte).

E.g percentage purity of a given substance, viscosity, bulk density, total organic content etc.

The analyte can be a drug, a biochemical substance, or a cell in an organism or organic sample.

Extemporaneous preparation refers to the preparation (mixing, assembling, packaging and labelling) of a medicinal product by a pharmacist (or licensed practitioner) according to prescription requirements for a specific patient . Extemporaneous preparations are made in relatively small quantities for short-term supply and use.

For example: Magesium trisilicate mixture can be extemporaneously prepared from the following:

  • Magnesium trisilicate
  • Light magnesium carbonate
  • Sodium Carbonate
  • Concentrated Peppermint emulsion
  • Double Strength Chloroform water

(Magnesium trisilicate mixture is an oral suspension containing 5% w/v of these excepients in suitable vehicle.)

Guidelines of extemporaneous preparations can be found in the Pharmacopoeia.

Where you want to determine the content of say one of the excepients , is assaying. For example you may wish to experimentally find the actual content of magnesium in the mixture, you may perform titration with a suitable standard solution, then you can actually be able to calculate its percentage weight in volume

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