# How does one separate ethanol from acetic acid using aqueous extraction?

Would you add in $\ce{NaOH}$, deprotonating the acid, and then wash the mixture in water, thereby removing the $\ce{Na^+}$ and $\ce{CH3O^-}$ ions in an aqueous layer? But then wouldn't the ethanol be dissolved in the water as well, as it is polar? In general, how do you separate two polar substances from each other using extraction?

If you don't use extraction, how else would you separate the two, aside from distillation?

1. Ethanol can be separated from water with reasonable efficiency (at least on the microscale) by a process of "salting out." The ethanol/water mixture is saturated with $\ce{NaCl}$. The solvation of the salt ions is a highly thermodynamically favorable process, and as that occurs the molecules of water become increasingly less able and available to form hydrogen bonds with ethanol. I've never tried this with acetic acid specifically, but I can't think of any reason why it wouldn't work.