# Temperature dependence in absorption spectroscopy

What are some qualitative guidelines one should know regarding the temperature dependencies (of the gas and maybe the radiation, if that makes sense) for an absorption spectroscopy measurement?

How does, for example, a rise in temperature influence the absorption lines?

I am aware of one effect: doppler broadening. When the temperature increases, the speed distribution spreads out. That spreads out the distribution of the velocity component in the direction of your light source. The light the particles see from the light source then get red- or blue-shifted relative to what actually comes out of the source. So the particle population ends up absorbing a broader range of wavelengths than it did at a lower temperature. The effect is $\Delta\lambda/\lambda_0 \propto \sqrt{T/m}$