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My teacher said that we always used indicators such as methyl red, methyl orange, litmus, phenolphthalein, etc. rather than universal indicator. I don't understand why, though, would not universal indicator serve the same function, but for essentially all titrations rather than select few?

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The thing with universal indicators is that you have 6 different colors or so differentiating certain pH-ranges.

Now if you want to titrate to a certain pH-Value, it is easier to have an indicator like phenolphtalein that changes from colorless to a color at a certain point (phenolphtalein being colorless from 0 to 8 and red for $< 0$).

So you can titrate more accuratly to a certain pH-Value with specialized indicators. On the other hand you can't see where on the pH scale you are.

With an universal indicator you can get a feeling for where you are approximatly, but titrating to a certain value is very difficult.

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