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Atomic number: the number of protons in the nucleus of an atom, which is characteristic of a chemical element and determines its place in the periodic table.

Beta emission:

$$\ce{^14_6C -> ^14_7N + ^0_{-1}\beta}$$

Why does emission of an electron increase the atomic number, when the atomic number is the number of protons, not electrons?

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    $\begingroup$ In a beta decay a proton may change into a neutron. Or a neutron may change into a proton. www2.lbl.gov/abc/wallchart/chapters/03/2.html $\endgroup$ Commented Jan 14, 2017 at 23:33
  • $\begingroup$ Maybe you are confusing it with alpha decay? $\endgroup$ Commented Jan 14, 2017 at 23:35
  • $\begingroup$ Thanks for the answer. It makes sense now. I forgot the part about a neutron changing into a proton. I thought the change in number of protons had something to do with a proton being a + and an electron being a -, rather than a loss of an electron converting a neutron into a +. $\endgroup$
    – K-Feldspar
    Commented Jan 14, 2017 at 23:44

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During beta particle emission one neutron is converted into proton and electron, to balance charge and electron can't remain inside the nucleus hence emitted from the nucleus.

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