In school I was taught that an atomic orbital is the 3-dimensional region in which the electron is located with a probability of 90%.
This is not correct.
An atomic orbital is a solution to Schrödinger's equation given the electrostatic potential. In the simplest case, we solve the one electron atom and perturb that with more electrons. An exact solution to the multielectron problem is intractable due to the chaotic nature of 3-body systems.
The concept you are referring to is a boundary surface. (See this question). Basically, it's a surface that has equal probability density for every point on the surface, and the surface encloses a region of space where the sum of probabilities is the desired value.
Because the surface is defined to have equal probability everywhere, and the wave function is smooth, it should be unique.
The boundary surface is usually how we represent the atomic orbitals that are familiar to us ($s, p, d, f$) but also molecular orbitals. Usually, we take something at 90% probability, for example, and plot the boundary, giving the orbital "shape." Otherwise, visualization can be tricky because the orbital only goes to zero probability at infinite distance from the nucleus, so there is a nonzero chance that an electron will be quite far from the nucleus.