# Calorimetry, finding final temperature

I was looking for some help on understanding this practice question from my text book, I know how to figure out enthalpy, but this is my first temperature change question and I am stumped. Any guidance would be greatly appreciated.

Nitric acid is neutralized with potassium hydroxide in the following reaction:

$$\ce{NHO3(aq) + KOH3(aq) -> KNO3(aq) + H2O(l)}$$

$$\Delta_\mathrm rH= -53.4\ \mathrm{kJ/mol}\ \ce{HNO3}$$.

$$55.0\ \mathrm{mL}$$ of a $$1.30\ \mathrm{mol/L}$$ solutions of both reactants, at $$21.40\ \mathrm{^\circ C}$$, are mixed in a calorimeter. What is the final temperature of the mixture? Assume that the density of both solutions is $$1.00\ \mathrm{g/mL}$$. Also assume that the specific heat capacity of both solutions is the same as the specific heat capacity of water. No heat is lost to the calorimeter itself.

I know the answer is 29.7 degrees Celsius, I'm just not sure how to get there. I tried juggling around my equation "delta t r H= m c delta t" but since I don't know the final temperature i don't think the delta t works in this case. I've tried omitting the delta t but I get no where near 29.7 degrees Celsius.

So I took my formula Q=mc delta t and rearranged it, I now have delta t= Q / mc. Delta t= -53.4 kJ/mol / (55.0g)(4.19 J/g C) I changed the 55mL to g as the question says to assume the density is 1.00 g/mL. I also used the heat capacity as water given in my course data booklet). And I get -0.2317. I tried doubling the mass as there is two solutions but that doesn't work either

• How many moles of each reactant are in the reaction mixture? Are you aware that a negative heat of reaction means that heat is given off? – Chet Miller Jan 9 '17 at 22:02
• Thank you for bringing up moles!! Once I figured out the moles I was able to use my equation. I will post my answer right away. I know my editing skills need work but thanks Loong for fixing my question. – Matt Jan 10 '17 at 0:47