$$\ce{RX + NaNO2 -> ?}$$

Is there a difference in the outcome of the reaction if the solvent is changed from an alcohol (e.g. EtOH) to a polar aprotic solvent such as DMSO or DMF?

I have two books - one book mentions an alcoholic solvent gives $\ce{RONO}$ as product; the other mentions $\ce{RNO_2}$ is the product in DMSO/DMF. Can anyone please confirm?


Let me first clear out the difference between reaction of alkyl halide with $\ce{AgNO2}$ and $\ce{NaNO2/KNO2}$

The synthesis of nitro compounds from reaction of alkyl halides with alkali metal nitrites using DMSO/DMF as medium is known as the Victor meyer reation($\ce{AgNO2}$) or Kornblum reaction($\ce{NaNO2/KNO2}$). The products of these reaction are generally mixture of nitroalkanes and alkyl nitrites. But the main difference between them is that the % yield of nitroalkane is higher on reaction with $\ce{AgNO2}$ than that of $\ce{NaNO2/KNO2}$.Whereas % yield of alkyl nitrite is higher on reaction with $\ce{NaNO2/KNO2}$ than that of $\ce{AgNO2}$. The required mechanisms for the reactions are..

enter image description here

Now as for the reaction of $\ce{NaNO2/KNO2}$ with alcohol, there is no involvement of alkyl halide. Alkyl nitrite can also be prepared by adding concentrated $\ce{H2SO4}$ to the aqueous solution of $\ce{NaNO2/KNO2}$ and alcohol. The mechanism of this reaction is

enter image description here

Source books:

  1. The Nitro Group in Organic Synthesis By Noboru Ono

  2. Organic Chemistry of Explosives By Jai Prakash Agrawal, Robert Hodgson

  3. Sourcebook of Advanced Organic Laboratory Preparations By Stanley R. Sandler, Wolf Karo


Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.