Depending on the field of study sublimation is either always possible, or dependent upon the substance.
In Organic chemistry, sublimation only occurs if the phase diagram (wikipedia, phase diagram) would allow it. If a phase change from solid towards gas is possible in the phase diagram, sublimation is possible when changing temperature and pressure in the right way. When no transition can be made between the two, sublimation is not possible. It all depends upon thermodynamics.
In the field of inorganic chemistry however, sublimation-like techniques are almost alway possible. If I'm not mistaken, with low pressure and high temperature, sputtering (wikipedia, sputtering) can be used to deposit single elements in a film.
I am an organic chemist myself, so the details of the sputtering I don't particularly know, sorry.
Hopefully this does answer your question.