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Here's what I have to balance:

Solid aluminum bicarbonate and hydrochloric acid combine to form an aluminum chloride solution and carbonic acid.

Or in an equation form:

$$\ce{\text{__ } Al(HCO3)3 + \text{__ } HCl -> \text{__ } AlCl3 + \text{__ } H2CO3}$$

Side Note:

$\ce{Al}$ has a charge of $3+$ and $\ce{(HCO3)}$ has a charge of $1-$. To balance the ionic compound we have to change it to: $\ce{Al(HCO3)3}$.

The underscores before each compound in the chemical equation are just there for number values we can input in order to balance the equation.

My question is: what would be the reactants and products in this chemical equation? Would $\ce{HCO3}$ as a whole compound be a reactant itself?

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My question is... what would be the reactants and products in this chemical equation?

You give the equation, you just need to balance it.

Would HCO3 as a whole compound be a reactant itself?

No, $\ce{HCO3^-}$ is an anion.

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The properly balanced equation is:

$\ce{\text{}Al(HCO_3)_3 + \text{3 }HCl \bond{->} \text{ }AlCl3 + \text{3 }H_{2}CO_{3} } $

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  • $\begingroup$ This is a homework question. Please avoid providing the answer directly. $\endgroup$ – Zhe Oct 19 '16 at 3:11

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