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Please could you tell me the rule to name the given hydrocarbon ... I am just confused in which chain should I take as the parent chain . The chain from A to C or from C to B. There is no rule about it anywhere on the net or in my books .Hydrocarbon

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  • $\begingroup$ You go from carbon 'A' all the way to carbon 'C'. The 'B' chain is the substituent. Numbering the carbon chain (for your example) is pretty standard stuff, I'm surprised you couldn't find it anywhere........ $\endgroup$ – paracetamol Oct 7 '16 at 16:55
  • $\begingroup$ @AaronAbraham : could you tell why ? please and the rule $\endgroup$ – Varun Chandra Oct 7 '16 at 16:57
  • $\begingroup$ @AaronAbraham Why not from 'B' to 'C' and name it as 3-vinylocta-2,4,6-triene? $\endgroup$ – DHMO Oct 7 '16 at 16:58
  • $\begingroup$ Hint: You number it in such a way that the lowest locants are assigned to a substituent (lowest locant sum rule), all the while having chosen the longest chain......Also the 'A' end is given more priority over the 'B' end since the double bond gets a lower locant in that case... $\endgroup$ – paracetamol Oct 7 '16 at 16:59
  • $\begingroup$ @DHMO The same way Loong did (albeit, without the elaborate explanation) ;) .....from 'A' to 'C'...... $\endgroup$ – paracetamol Oct 8 '16 at 6:19
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The most important simplified criteria for the choice of a principal chain in such compounds are:

  1. greater number of suffixes
  2. longest chain
  3. greater number of multiple bonds
  4. lower locants for suffixes
  5. lower locants for multiple bonds

The corresponding wording of the nomenclature rules (taken from Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry – IUPAC Recommendations and Preferred Names 2013 (Blue Book)) reads as follows:

P-44.1 SENIORITY ORDER FOR PARENT STRUCTURES

When there is a choice, the senior parent structure is chosen by applying the following criteria, in order, until a decision is reached. These criteria must always be applied before those applicable to rings and ring systems (see P-44.2) and to chains (see P-44.3). Then criteria applicable to both chains and rings or ring systems given in P-44.4 are considered.

P-44.1.1 The senior parent structure has the maximum number of substituents corresponding to the principal characteristic group (suffix) or senior parent hydride in accord with the seniority of classes (P-41) and the seniority of suffixes (P-43).

(…)

P-44.3.2 The principal chain has the greater number of skeletal atoms [criterion (b) in P-44.3].

(…)

P-44.4.1 If the criteria of P-44.1 through P-44.3, where applicable, do not effect a choice of a senior parent structure, the following criteria are applied successively until there are no alternatives remaining. These criteria are illustrated in P-44.4.1.1 through P-44.4.1.12.

The senior ring, ring system, or principal chain:

(a) has the greater number of multiple bonds (P-44.4.1.1);

(b) has the greater number of double bonds (P-44.4.1.2);

(…)

(h) has the lower locant for an attached group expressed as a suffix (P-44.4.1.8);

(…)

(j) has the lower locant(s) for endings or prefixes that express changes in the level of hydrogenation, i.e., for ‘ene’ and ‘yne’ endings and ‘hydro/dehydro’ prefixes (P-44.4.1.10);

(…)

Since the compound that is given in the question does not have any principal characteristic group (a characteristic group chosen for citation at the end of a name by means of a suffix or a class name, or implied by a trivial name), the first criterion (greater number of suffixes) given in P-44.1.1 is not relevant in this case.

The second criterion given in P-44.3.2 is the longest chain. However, the chains A–C and B–C both have eight skeletal atoms.

Also, both chains have three double bonds. Therefore, the criteria given in P-44.4.1 (a) (greater number of multiple bonds) and (b) (greater number of double bonds) cannot be used to reach a decision.

The criterion given in P-44.4.1 (h) (lower locant for the suffix) is not relevant since the compound that is given in the question does not have any suffix.

Finally, the criterion given in P-44.4.1 (j) stipulates that the principal chain shall have the lower locants for the double bonds. Therefore, the principal chain for the compound that is given in the question is the octa-1,4,6-triene from A to C rather than the octa-2,4,6-triene from B to C since the locant set ‘1,4,6’ is lower than ‘2,4,6’.

Thus, the complete name for the compound that is given in the question is (3⁠E,4⁠E,6⁠E)-3-ethylideneocta-1,4,6-triene.

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