# How do I draw a Lewis diagram after drawing the orbital diagram

The question says "Oxygen can form compounds with every period 3 element except argon. Determine which would be ionic or covalent compounds, and draw Lewis diagrams to represent each one." I started with oxygen and fluorine and I'm having a hard time. I don't know if there should be lone pairs, double bonds, or even lone electrons.Here's my attempt at it:

• Your Lewis structure for $\ce{OF2}$ is almost correct, but as it stands right now, it is missing one lone pair on oxygen. A Google image search for "oxygen difluoride" should show you the correct answer. – orthocresol Oct 6 '16 at 19:37

The last guideline you should take into account, is that an atom tends to lose or gain electrons because it "likes" to have its most outer shell full. So when you look at the principal quantum number ($n$) of the most outer shell, you should create compounds where it is full. In the case of oxygen, that quantum number is $2$, which can have 8 electrons, hence the octet rule. For Na, you have 1 electron in $n=3$, so if the atom looses that electron, it will become more stable, therefore we have $\ce{Na+}$.