I'm really confused about orbitals.
I know there's 1s, 2s, 2p, 3s, 3p, 4s, 3d, etc. From my understanding, each of those is an orbital. So for example, carbon has 3 orbitals (1s-2, 2s-2, 3p-2). Is that right?
If it is, now I have a question about EMPTY orbitals- I don't understand this at all. For example, take carbon. Well carbon has 6 electrons and it would be: 1s-2, 2s-2, 2p-2. The p ones have 3 suborbitals, so carbon has one empty SUB-orbital?? But how does any element have an empty orbital? Isn't their outermost orbital the one that has at least one valence electron in it (i.e it's not empty)?