# Why does the concentration of hydrogen ions increase in the electrolysis of dilute sulphuric acid?

In the electrolysis of dilute sulphuric acid, I'm given these two half-equations:

anode: 4OH-(aq) -> 2H2O(l) + O2(g) + 4e-

cathode: 4H+(aq) + 4e- -> 2H2(g)

Why does the concentration of hydrogen ions increase?

Isn't the concentration of hydrogen ions decreasing here, rather than increasing as it is being discharged at the cathode?

N.B: (This question originates from a past AQA GCSE Question: see question 2 part (d) here.)

Replace the anode equation with your new equation. Then find the overall equation for the reaction. You are correct that the net number of $\ce{H+}$ is not changing as a result of this process. However, something is being consumed. What is it? How does that change the concentrations of the other species present?