I'm currently studying VCE BioChemistry, and we're studying the separation of DNA strings of different lengths via gel electrophoresis.
(This involves having 'clumps' of DNA at one end of a gel medium and applying an electric current, pushing the DNA strands across the gel. Different sized strands move at different speeds through the gel)
At some point, the strands stop moving such that there is a distribution of strands across the gel. What causes the strands to stop?
Surely they'd continue until the end of the gel.
If suppose the electric current could be stopped, thus causing the strands to stop moving, but how would one know when to stop the current?