Aoyagi et al. (J. Am. Chem. Soc., Vol. 115, No. 24, p 11393) reported that the addition of 2-lithio-1,3-dithiane to the alpha-chiral (S)-2-Acetylpiperidine gives the (2 S,3 S)-configured product. It is stated that the diastereoselectivity of this 1,2-addition (dr = 6.2) is predicted by Cram's model involving complexation of the Li-ion by the piperidine-N. I tried to reproduce the diastereoselectivity in the following scheme:


As you can see I come up with the wrong product by applying Cram's rule with a O,N-complexed Li-ion (right side of the scheme). By applying the non-chelate Cram rule (left side; biggest substituent oriented anti to the carbonyl, attack via smallest group) I get the correctly configured (2 S,3 S)-product.

Where is the mistake?


I have just had a look at the paper and actually they reported that their main product was S,R:

"...treated with excess 2-lithio-1,3-dithiane in THF at -50°C; this treatment generated the tertiary alcohols 22a and 22b in 72% combined yield with 6.2:1 diastereoselectivity as predicted by Cram's model based on participation of the piperidine nitrogen atom, giving a rigid cyclic complex with the lithium compound".

Compound 22a: (2S)-2-[(R)-l-(1,3-Dithian-2-yl)-l-hydroxyethyl]piperidine

Compound 22b: (2S)-2-[(S)-1-(1,3-Dithian-2-yl)-l-hydroxyethyl]piperidine

I do not find any mistake.


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