You use a precipitation method to determine [Ag+] in an unknown sample using Cl- ions. Reaction is conducted in presence of HNO3 in excess (relative to Ag+) Which statement is correct concerning the colloid precipitate at the start of the rxn (rxn not yet complete).
A) The ion in Primary Absorption layer is Cl-
B) The Colloid Particle is (-) charge
C) Ag+ is the major ion in Counter-ion Layer
D) Most Cl- ions added are in the precipitate form.
So I think the correct answer is D through process of Elimination and not chemistry knowledge. I know B is incorrect, B/C the precipitate must be AgCl, or possibly AgNO3 since there's Nitric acid here. Both of these are neutrally charged.
I'm pretty sure that Primary absorption layer is the "opposite" of the counter ion layer. So whichever ion goes into the Primary, the opposite ion goes in the counter. Therefore I eliminated A and C, since one cannot be correct without the other being correct as well. (although my first instinct was to put Ag+ in the primary ion layer).
I still have doubts about D. Since the reaction is not complete, and we are adding Cl- to a solution of Ag+, its safe to assume that any Cl- added will react. But HNO3 is a strong acid which dissociates completely, that means there's an excess of NO3- ions floating around. I'm not given any precipitation constants. Can I safely assume Ag+ will bind with Cl- before making AgNO3?
Also could you please confirm or correct my assumptions about Primary/counter-ion layer? I can't find any info it besides vague definitions.