0
$\begingroup$

For example, how would I name the following amine?

1-propylpyrrolidine

Since two of the alkyl groups on nitrogen are linked to each other (in a ring), I can't figure out what they should be called, as they don't fit into the usual alkyl (methyl/ethyl/etc.) mould.

$\endgroup$
6
$\begingroup$

According to Subsection P-22.2.1 of the current version of Nomenclature of Organic Chemistry – IUPAC Recommendations and Preferred Names 2013 (Blue Book), the preferred IUPAC name (PIN) of the functional parent compound is the retained name ‘pyrrolidine’, the nitrogen atom being numbered ‘1’.

pyrrolidine

Therefore, the name of the compound given in the question is ‘1-propylpyrrolidine’.

1-propylpyrrolidine

$\endgroup$
3
$\begingroup$

Without knowing what you have tried and where your specific trouble is, my guess is that you are having trouble identifying the parent chain.

This molecule is a heterocyclic amine, and the entire heterocycle is the parent chain. In this case, the parent chain is called pyrrolidine.

enter image description here

Now - how would you name a pyrrolidine with an alkyl substituent on the nitrogen atom?

$\endgroup$

Your Answer

By clicking “Post Your Answer”, you agree to our terms of service, privacy policy and cookie policy

Not the answer you're looking for? Browse other questions tagged or ask your own question.