Alternative to a proton [closed]

I know I might sound terribly stupid but the idea just hit me. We define elements on the periodic table as "lumps" of matter with specific amount of specific particles (electrons neutrons and protons) We use this table because every different "lump" or atom that has a specific amount of protons has a set of characteristics that is shared among all instances of atoms that have the same number of protons.

Now what if there is,or could be, another form of matter "lumps" that instead of protons have another type of particle (lets say deuterons),that could also give have a set of characteristics to each instance of those lumps with the same amount of "deuterons" , essentially creating another types of "elements"

Im not talking about antimatter here although that could be an answer and if someone has to point me into resources regarding if and what "anti-elements" there are out there I would be glad for that.

TL;DR : different type of elements ,using another particle instead of a proton

That said, there has been a relatively recent study on muonic helium, which is slightly different from a regular helium atom (two protons and two electrons) in that one of the electrons is replaced with an almost identical subatomic particle, the muon. It behaves like the electron in all aspects, except that it is about 200 times heavier, and decays within microseconds. During its brief existence, the muonic helium atom was observed to behave like a regular hydrogen atom. This is because muons and electrons are distinct subatomic particles and so Pauli's exclusion principle does not apply. The electronic configuration for muonic helium would be $\mathrm{(1s)^1}$ (like hydrogen), and its "muonic" configuration would also be $\mathrm{(1s)^1}$.