# Which is the central atom in Lewis Dot Structures? [duplicate]

What is the correct Lewis structure for hypochlorous acid, a compound containing chlorine, hydrogen and oxygen?

As shown in the following video, the central atom in Lewis Dot Structures is always the least electronegative atom of all the elements that make up the atom. https://www.khanacademy.org/science/chemistry/chemical-bonds/copy-of-dot-structures/v/drawing-dot-structures

This way, you would expect chlorine to be the central atom. However, it is shown that oxygen is the central atom.

The ambiguity exists for molecules like $\ce{OCl_2}$ as well. What's the issue? Is this not a very consistent rule of thumb?

There are chlorine oxides with Cl central such as perchlorate, chlorate and $\ce{ClO2}$, even though $\ce{Cl2O}$ has O central.
There are $\ce{SeCSe}$, $\ce{CAt4}$, $\ce{NI3}$ and $\ce{Li6C}$ each with the more electronegative element central.