I have a Klean Kanteen flip-top growler, allegedly leakproof at up to 35psi of pressure, that I filled with some freshly-carbonated water 4 days ago — just to see how long it would last. I used a Soda Stream for carbonation. The bottle was filled to the brim.
When fresh, the carbonated water fizzed and sparkled. You could see the bubbles constantly rising to the surface. It felt like pop rocks when you put it in your mouth.
Now, 4 days later, the water is still clearly carbonated, but it's a lot more subdued. You can taste the fizz when you drink it, but there's no more surface bubbling. When you pour it into a cup, you see bubbles for about a second before the water clears up.
The obvious theory is that some CO2 escaped over the course of the week, but I'm fairly certain there were no liquid leaks. I also couldn't hear any hissing. The bottle was stored on its side in the fridge.
Is it possible for a container to be liquid leak-proof, but not gas leak-proof?
If not, does the nature of carbonated water change over time? Does the water, perhaps, absorb more of the CO2 the longer it sits? If so, why does this not happen with soda cans and such?
I repeated the experiment with a 20oz screw-top Klean Kanteen I had lying around, ensuring that the water was as close to the cap as possible and that the lid was screwed on as tightly as possible. The results after 4 days were more carbonated than my initial trial with the flip-top Kanteen, though still not as much as fresh. Currently repeating the experiment once again with the flip-top, this time making 100% sure that the water is touching the lid.