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I just want to know how to electrons travel from one end to the other.

The concept I have in my mind is that the ions functions as "buses" for the electrons then send them to the other side, but doesn't that make them neutral molecules? (in which case they wouldn't be attracted to the + side.)


marked as duplicate by bon, M.A.R., Wildcat, Jan, ron Oct 11 '15 at 17:17

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In compact matter, electrons "trickle" from a source to one atom, forcing off electrons which move to the next atom, ionizing each in turn. The same holds true in the opposite direction, where electrons are removed and the corresponding "hole", or positive ion, is propagated towards the negative electrode. Individual electrons and ions move slowly at the drift velocity, but electromotive force propagates much faster. This is similar to the motion of the particles in the toy, "Newton's Cradle".

In an ionized gas, electrons and ions may move much faster, actually crossing the full volume of the plasma (though electrons move faster, due to their lesser mass for the same charge).


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