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According to List of oxidation states of the elements, silicon has a possible oxidation state of $-4$.

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Now, I've been looking everywhere for a compound that contains Si(-IV), but I cannot find any definitive references. Perhaps one of the synthetic carbonyls of silicon has this OS? I've seen references to $\ce{[Mo(CO)_4]^{-4}}$ and $\ce{[W(CO)_4]^{-4}}$ in my research, but silicon never shows up.

I am also uncertain as to how these carbonyls come together, and whether or not they actually complex in the same way for metalloids as for the transition metals.

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    $\begingroup$ Only some of d-block elements form carbonyl complexes, and well how you even found these complexes and not simple salt-like compounds of silicon? $\endgroup$ – Mithoron Sep 12 '15 at 12:59
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I am not sure if Silane ($\ce{SiH_4}$) can really be considered.

But there are silicides which silicon forms with strongly electropositive metals. In these compounds, silicon has a negative oxidation state.

For magnesium silicide - $\ce{Mg_2Si}$, the oxidation state of silicon would be -4.

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  • $\begingroup$ For silane, there seems to be some ambivalence as to whether silicon takes on a +4 or a -4 OS. It's hard to tell since silicon is a metalloid, and hydrogen changes its oxidation state between metal and non-metal hydrides. $\endgroup$ – Hernandez Sep 12 '15 at 7:53
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    $\begingroup$ Silane is definitely no good. See, it hydrolyzes to $\ce{SiO_2}$ and $\ce H_2$, hence it is Si that must have been with plus. $\endgroup$ – Ivan Neretin Sep 12 '15 at 7:54
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    $\begingroup$ Silicides are good, you are right. $\endgroup$ – Ivan Neretin Sep 12 '15 at 7:57

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