Am fairly new to chemistry and apologize if the question and the description are too vague.If you think I lack basic background knowledge to deal with something like this, please point me to a resource, a book or anything that can help me in this regard. So in case this question is off-topic, please suggest where I should begin- at least starting point for my research will be helpful. However, in that case, if possible, please be specific, cause its too much of an effort to read entire chemistry textbooks to find out the answer to this one question.
Would like to know how to seperate NaI dissolved in water. Please suggest a way to do so without heating and evaporation. Like, what compound should I add to the solution so that the NaI can react with that resulting in solid products, maybe in the form of lumps/signicantly sized suspended particles that can be easily filtered out.
Additionally I would like to know how to find out, given a solvent (or any liquid compound), whether NaI dissolves in it or not. For eg: say that I have methanol, will NaI dissolve in it? For methanol i know the answer and its a yes. But how do i test solubility for any other compound. Of course chemists should not have to carry out practical experiments to find out this(it must probably be part of a known set of facts(about a particular compound) to chemists or they will be able to deduce it from some other known facts. How will a chemist answer this question?)
And finally, once I have any solution with NaI dissolved, how to separate it without evaporation(but by some chemical reaction). For eg: how to separate NaI from methanol? how to figure out the reactants I'll need in case the solvent is known?