This is what my book shows (the darker the more probable):
The obvious places where the electron probability is zero is the midsection of the dumbbell.
My question is how the probability distributed inside the dumbbell.
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The probability distribution of an electron in the p sub-shell is determined from its wavefunction. The wavefunction of a system contains all the information about the quantum states of the system. Once of the most important properties of the wavefunction is that the squared modulus of the wave function, $|ψ|^2$, is a real number, interpreted as the probability density of the particle. Here is the wavefunction for the 2p orbital:
As you can see, this corresponds with the p orbital drawn in your book, as there is a node in the middle, on either side is high probability density and at minus and positive infinity probability density is actually very, very small despite being shown as 0 on the wavefunction. The reason for this is that you need to remember that the orbital shows where an electron will be 90% of the time, not where it will be at all times. This means that the electron can be found outside the orbital.