I found this formula for calculating the normality from the molarity: $$\text{Normality} = n \cdot \text{Molarity}$$

with $$n = \frac{\text{Molecular weight}}{\text{Equivalent weight}}$$

But in one book I found that if equivalent weight is equal to half of the molecular weight then $$2N = M$$

Under the given condition, I am confused if the above statement is true.

Am I following a factually correct book for solving problems on volumetric analysis?


1 Answer 1


The normality of a solution is the molarity of the solution multiplied by the number of equivalents per mole:

$$\mathrm{N} = \mathrm{{eq\over mol}}\cdot\mathrm{M}= \mathrm{{eq\over mol}}\cdot\mathrm{{mol\over L}}=\mathrm{{eq\over L}}$$

Example: Calculate the normality of a 1 $\mathrm{M}$ solution of $\ce{H2SO4}$. There are 2 equivalents per mole, from the reaction

$$\ce{H2SO4 -> 2H+ + SO4^{2-}}$$

which yields 2 moles of $\ce{H+}$ for every 1 mole of $\ce{H2SO4}$.

Using the relation given above, we find that a 1 $\mathrm{M}$ solution of $\ce{H2SO4}$ is 2 $\mathrm{N}$:

$$\mathrm{{2\;eq\over mol}}\cdot\mathrm{1\;M}=2\;\mathrm{N}$$

One resource you might find useful in order to check your math is Sigma-Aldrich's Normality & Molarity Calculator. Additionally, there are details relevant to the definitions of molarity and normality that you might find clearer that the ones you've conveyed in your question.


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