Every chemical has a decomposition temperature. My understanding is that above that temperature molecular bonds are broken. And if we raise the heat high enough then all molecular bonds will break and we will be left with a "plasma" of ionized atoms, right?
Can the decomposition temperature of bonds be predicted by models, and if so on what data do those models depend?
Now suppose we heat a chemical in an inert (noble) atmosphere, or in a vacuum, to the point of total decomposition. Now we cool the plasma back to STP. Are there models that can predict the products we would expect to find – i.e., the right hand side of the reaction equation?
I'm guessing that thermodynamics stipulates we should find the lowest-"energy" compounds that can be created from the constituent elements on the right hand side.
In practice I imagine that achieving that result could require that cooling be done at some "sufficiently low rate." So, to increase the complexity of the question: Are there any models that can predict what products will be found as the cooling rate is increased? I believe that in the limit (a virtually instantaneous quench) one ends up with a "glass" (or combination of glass, condensate, and gas) but even then one can't be left with free ions so can we predict the composition of the quenched plasma?