# Reverse-Engineer a material

Let's say I am seeking to find an alloy with certain properties, is there any method or process that enables one to backtrack from desired properties to actual structure and composition of a material?

Consider, for example, "Galinstan", the various alloys of gallium, indium, and tin. While each of these have low melting points, the eutectic point for the ternary alloy is $\:\mathrm{-19 ^{\circ} C}$.