I need to know how to go about creating synthetic glucose with generally available materials. As I am aware of both photosynthesis and glucose in nature, I will not need lessons in how plants produce it. So, how may glucose be produced by artificial means?
A relatively simple process is described by Kobayashi et. al where they use cellulose, a structural component of plants, which is ball milled, mixed with activated carbons and HCl and hydrolysed to produce glucose in high yield (88%).
It requires only easily available ingredients and the ability to heat (and preferably stir) to 453K. Reference is given below.
High-Yielding One-Pot Synthesis of Glucose from Cellulose Using Simple Activated Carbons and Trace Hydrochloric Acid Hirokazu Kobayashi, Mizuho Yabushita, Tasuku Komanoya, Kenji Hara, Ichiro Fujita, and Atsushi Fukuoka ACS Catalysis 2013 3 (4), 581-587 DOI: 10.1021/cs300845f