In particular, how do a methylene more (in the case of the pentane) and a methylene less (in the case of the octane) make the difference in harmfulness to the environment in comparison with, respectively, the butane and the nonane?
I saw that butane and nonane are not classified as dangerous, but I have just done a research and it turns out nonane is harmful to fish, just like octane, but the difference is that the nonane becomes aqueous more difficult because of its low solubility. But I read that its soluble part is still dangerous for aquatic life. Then the question is: Shouldn't it be classified as dangerous anyway?
The propane, as well, appears to be harmful to the fish, while I can find nothing but "not classified as dangerous", as for the butane. Is LDC3's answer the explanation?