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I am asked to identify the number of stereoisomers that are possible for hepta-1,6-diene $(\ce{H2C=CHCH2CH2CH2CH=CH2})$.

I drew the bond-line structure as follows, and I think that there can be cis and trans isomers, but my answer is wrong. The correct answer states that since neither of the double bonds exhibit stereoisomerism, this compound does not have any stereoisomers.

Originally, I thought that single bonds can be considered too. But I think I my error is that by looking at the single bonds, we are considering the constitutional isomers of this compound, rather than the stereoisomers (which are determined by the 'fixed' double bonds). Since double bonds lack the free rotation that single bonds have, for any compound that may exhibit stereoisomerism, we can only consider the double bonds. Also, are we considering only one double bond at a time?

Is this reasoning correct? Can someone clarify and expound more on this please?

enter image description here

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In the case of your original drawing with the terminal double bonds, there are no E or Z (trans or cis) isomers!

cis and trans-substituted double bonds

E and Z isomers are only possible if both ends of the $\ce{C=C}$ double bond each carry a substituent other than a hydrogen atom.


As far as the other structure is concerned, E and Z isomers look as follows:

ethyl-isopropyl-substituted double bond

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  • $\begingroup$ Thank you for the explanation. I realized my bond-line structure is incorrect, and I've redrawn it accordingly. However, in another problem, a trans stereoisomer was present, despite the only substituent groups of the C=C double bond being ethyl and isopropyl. imgur.com/vbGcWZC Can you clarify this? $\endgroup$ – imaginov May 12 '15 at 18:13
  • $\begingroup$ @imaginov The annotations on your image are correct. Since ethyl and isopropyl are not the same group, isomerism will be present. $\endgroup$ – bon May 12 '15 at 18:32
  • $\begingroup$ The textbook says there is a trans configuration present, but I do not understand how this is true. If there are two substituent H atoms, an ethyl, and an isopropyl group, how does the compound exhibit stereoisomerism? I thought stereoisomerism excludes substituent H atoms. $\endgroup$ – imaginov May 12 '15 at 18:35
  • $\begingroup$ @imaginov I've updated my answer for other compound. $\endgroup$ – Klaus-Dieter Warzecha May 12 '15 at 18:43
  • $\begingroup$ So, E and Z isomers aren't possible if the only substituents are hydrogen atoms? But if the substituents are hydrogen atoms and say, a methyl group, E and Z isomers are possible? $\endgroup$ – imaginov May 12 '15 at 18:50
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There are no stereoisomers (cis/trans) of this compound because both the double bonds have three identical substituents and one different substituent. In order to have stereoisomerism across a double bond you need to have two different groups on each side of the bond.

For example but-2-ene has one methyl group and one hydrogen on each side of the double bond and so has two stereoisomers: trans-but-2-ene and cis-but-2-ene:

enter image description here

For double bonds with at least three different substituents the E/Z notation system is used. Z denotes substituents which are on the same side of a double bond and E denotes those on the opposite side. The four substituents are assigned a priority in accordance with the Cahn-Ingold-Prelog priority rules and then the stereochemistry is assigned based on the relative position of the two highest priority substituents. In this example, bromine has a higher priority than chlorine so the label is assigned based on the position of the bromine and the chlorine across the double bond, making this the Z isomer.

enter image description here

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There is no Cis/Trans isomerism across the double bonds because the molecule you have there is a terminal alkene which is an alkene with double bonds at the first 2 and last 2 carbons or just at the first 2 carbons if there are no higher priority groups or just at the last 2 carbons if there are higher priority groups closer to the end with all single bonds.

If you had other substituents you could have R and S stereoisomers and even combinations of R and S at different chiral carbons.

When you look at the differences in bonding than yes you are looking at structural or constitutional isomers.

But you can use cis/trans for multiple double bonds. For example oct-2,6-diene(or 2,6-octadiene) can be:

oct-(2 cis, 6 cis)-diene

oct-(2 cis, 6 trans)-diene

oct-(2 trans, 6 trans)-diene

or

oct-(2 trans, 6 cis)-diene

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