enter image description here

technically the line between liquid and solid phase would go a long way before hitting the y-axis, but the point is it will eventually.

So the question remains, can any liquids, including water (with its unique phase diagram) be liquefied regardless of the pressure?

enter image description here

  • 2
    $\begingroup$ This is not an accurate Phase diagram of water. Here you can see a better phase diagram. What do you mean by "can any liquids, including water (with its unique phase diagram) be liquefied regardless of the pressure" $\endgroup$
    – Gowtham
    Commented May 3, 2015 at 13:22
  • $\begingroup$ @Gowtham my point is since the solid-liquid equilibrium line is sloped inward towards the y axis, theoretically it will hit eventually. $\endgroup$
    – user134789
    Commented May 3, 2015 at 13:28
  • $\begingroup$ Did you check out the link, Do you ask "can water exist as equilibrium between solid and liquid at some temperature regardless of the pressure "? sorry i really dont get what you are trying to ask.. On the line in the phase diagram, both the phases exists at same time given some T and P in a dynamic equlibrium. If you move away from the line, it will transform to a single phase(if we go to one phase region) or two-phase(move to another part of a line) $\endgroup$
    – Gowtham
    Commented May 3, 2015 at 13:32
  • $\begingroup$ Here is my questions: no matter what the temperature is, just by adjusting temperature, so if you pick a fix y coordinate and change x coordinate, can you ALWAYS liquefy or solidified water? See the picture, above a certain pressure so will be no solid state? $\endgroup$
    – user134789
    Commented May 3, 2015 at 13:38
  • $\begingroup$ you can add your last comment to your question, so that it is more clear. $\endgroup$
    – Gowtham
    Commented May 3, 2015 at 13:52

2 Answers 2


If I actually understood your question correctly, yes there are regions above which there will be only solid state (rather than no solid state). This is limited to the molecular region.

Phase diagram of water

The Roman numerals indicate various ice phases.

From the above phase diagram (which can be found here) the solid-liquid equilibrium line doesn’t touch the y-axis as you suggest. But there will be only solid phase above the $10\ \mathrm{GPa}$ region(approximately).

In the phase diagram you drew, if (a big if) such a PD exists for some element/molecule, then there will be no solid above the point where solid-liquid line meets y-axis.

As pointed out in the comments, when we reach high temperatures and pressures we won’t be seeing the molecular water. It will dissociate into atoms/ions as shown in the figure. water at high T and p

  • 1
    $\begingroup$ This is correct, though actually even above $1\:\mathrm{TPa}$ water doesn't necessarily stay solid no matter what you do. Raise the temperature to solar-interiour values, and the water will stop being water at all... $\endgroup$ Commented May 3, 2015 at 17:19
  • $\begingroup$ I assume at some temperature (i.e. in the sun's core there are no molecules) water will decide it wants to freely disassociate into atoms, but I have no idea what that would be (order of magnitude). So presumably there might be a pressure at which "H2O" (what's the disassociation constant in high-temperature ice...) is never not a solid. $\endgroup$
    – Nick T
    Commented May 3, 2015 at 19:58
  • $\begingroup$ sandia.gov/pulsedpower/prog_cap/pub_papers/… has a theoretical phase diagram for water at extremely high pressure and temperature (speculating that these conditions might exist in the interior of Uranus and Neptune). The basic observation appears to be that, at very high pressures, water will go from ice to an exotic "superionic" semi-dissociated semi-fluid phase as you raise the temperature, and from there directly to plasma. $\endgroup$
    – zwol
    Commented May 3, 2015 at 21:11
  • $\begingroup$ Good discussion. One minor point in the diagram you cite: Ice VII is still molecular. Ice X is when you get to a nonmolecular structure in the fully solid state. $\endgroup$ Commented Feb 22, 2020 at 23:43

Theoretically, YES!

But why? In the real world there are a thousand different ways to accomplish a certain task, but only a few will be the most efficient. So in considering your question.

So the question remains, can any liquids, including water (with its unique phase diagram) be liquefied regardless of the pressure?

First of all, I do not like how you put regardless of the pressure, there has to be a certain amount of pressure. Yes you can do this, but there really is an easier way to this. Use a freezer to solidify it, or leave it out in the open to liquify it. :)

  • $\begingroup$ I think the OP is confused about phase diagrams , not about practicality of anything. $\endgroup$
    – Gowtham
    Commented May 3, 2015 at 14:11
  • $\begingroup$ He doesn't look confused about it. He just wants to know if this is possible. $\endgroup$
    – Asker123
    Commented May 3, 2015 at 14:13
  • $\begingroup$ I didn't know what is outside the picture students are usually given, the one that shows solid phase above a certain pressure. The one in Gowtham's answer. $\endgroup$
    – user134789
    Commented May 3, 2015 at 16:41

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