How to calculate the amount of gas in a compressed cylinder

I am trying to calculate a cost per hour use of a gas we buy in a cylinder. The details I have been working with are:

Gas used CP-grade N2 material number: 110628-L can

• Gas: N, density = 1.251 g/L @ 0.101 MPa M (molar mas) = 14.007
• Gas cylinder: Pressure = 200 bar or 20 MPa Cylinder volume 9.45 m3 or 9450 L
• Operating pressure of gas from cylinder = 4.5 bar or 0.45 MPa and flow rate = 60 cL/min

I have been applying the ideal gas law to PV=nRT to figure out how many total litres of N are in the can at 4.5 bar pressure to then get a rough estimate of how many hours of flowing gas I get. However I seem to be getting unreasonable numbers, potentially from me using the equation or reasoning incorrectly:

When I apply the gas law under isothermal V2=V1/(P2/P1) conditions to see how much the internal gas volume expands from the 20 MPa pressure, as a sanity check I wanted to see how many L at 1 atm came out. The result was 1.89 ML which makes little sense as the conversion of 1.89 ML N2 to mass = 2.364 Mg.

Similarly it equates to 420 kL @ 0.42 MPa.

Where am I going wrong?

Maybe the specifications mean that its 9.45m3 or 9450 L of compressed gas to 200 bar?

• 9450 L is about 10 cubic meters, so unless your cylinder is really big -- say like 1 meter in diameter and 12 meters high, it isn't 9450 L big. So you are probably right that what you are receiving is 9450 L of gas at STP. A further note: nitrogen gas is $\textrm{N}_2$, a diatomic molecule, so its molecular weight is 28 g/mol, not 14. – Curt F. Apr 15 '15 at 14:23
• I worked it out in the end. The specifications given of 9450 L are indeed the volume of the uncompressed gas, which compresses to 20 MPa results in about 47 L which fits the dimensions of the L gas cylinder. I simply understood the information backwards. Noted for the 28 g/mol. Thank you. – Fiztban Apr 15 '15 at 14:27
• Have a look at this video. This Should you help you out. youtube.com/watch?v=Yo9IZ2RJCCU – Anup Dec 31 '16 at 17:38

Turns out my assumptions were wrong about the stated $$9\,450\ \mathrm L$$ of $$\ce{N2}$$ gas. The $$9\,450\ \mathrm L$$ is the total volume of standard pressure gas compressed into the cylinder to $$20\ \mathrm{MPa}$$.
Using $$V_2=V_1/(p_2/p_1)$$ having $$p_1=0.101\ \mathrm{MPa}$$, $$p_2=20\ \mathrm{MPa}$$, $$V_1=9\,450\ \mathrm L$$. The total volume of gas within the cylinder is about $$47\ \mathrm L$$ a reasonably fitting size for the cylinder dimensions.
Hence to answer my own question, at the pressure of usage ($$0.45\ \mathrm{MPa}$$) the volume of gas (using same equation as above) is $$2\,121\ \mathrm L$$ which at $$60\ \mathrm{cL/min}$$ equates to $$59\ \mathrm h$$ of flow roughly.