Do compounds like tropolone, furan, and thiophene (which are aromatic) show resonance?
If yes then what are the resonance structures that can be drawn? Also, do all aromatic compounds show resonance?
Resonance structures can be drawn for all aromatic compounds. Tropolone, furan and thiophene are considered to be aromatic compounds because
Here are the resonance structures we can draw for tropolone, the positive charge can be delocalized to every carbon in the ring.
Just like in benzene, where instead of drawing 2 resonance structures (top of following figure) we usually just draw the one resonance structure shown at the bottom of the figure;
instead of drawing all 8 resonance structures for tropolone, we usually represent them by just drawing the one resonance structure shown at the bottom of the tropolone figure.
and here are the resonance structures for furan
and for thiophene, they are the same as furan, just replace the oxygen with a sulfur atom in the resonance structures.