Suppose I had an acid HA, and it reaches equilibrium in water. Then I remove the hydronium ions. I don't know how I would do this, maybe adding some hydroxide ions. My question is can I do this and will I be able to eventually create a 50/50 mixture of acid and conjugate base? Is this a very good buffer?

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1 Answer 1


You can't just remove hydronium ions because the solution needs to remain electrically neutral.

You can't just add hydroxide ions, but you could add sodium hydroxide until the HA/A- ratio was 50/50.

Is this a very good buffer?

It is the optimum ratio of HA and A- for buffering.


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