I've seen people arguing for some questionable "miracle cure-all" alternative medicines not scientifically, but by their own logic. A common claim is, that if a compound looks very similar to an important compound found in our body, it must be very beneficial. By looks very similar I mean the drawings of their structures look similar, as in, similar as images.
I found this reasoning alone to be unscientific. (correct me if I'm wrong). I would like to explain it to people, but it's hard to do if they lack even basic understandings in chemistry, and have claims like "I think it might happen to be like this, so it's a proof that it's like this".
So, I'm looking for a counter-example. Are there famous and well-known (organic) compounds which look similar on a structure drawing, but have vastly different properties, for example one is either beneficial or a necessary component of our body, and the other is highly toxic?
I'm sorry for the possible unclear terminology, English is not my first language and I didn't find any better term to say "structure drawing" for something like this