# X[Y|Z] formulas

I often find formulas of minerals where some element symbols are grouped within square brackets and separated by a vertical bar. An example can be brochantite, whose formula I find expressed as $\ce{Cu_4[(OH)_6|SO_4]}$.

I wonder what does such a notation means, and I have made some conjectures, although I find no reference on line or in books. I suppose that the square brackets are used to enclose the set of the anions present in the compound and the vertical bar is used to separates different anions, while the cations remain outside the square brackets. That is just an intuitive supposition. Is my supposition correct? If it is not, what does the described notation mean?

• I'm not sure but wikipedia has just written a normal formula for Brochantite: $\ce{Cu4SO4(OH)6}$. Could you give me some reference of where you saw that formula? Commented Jan 18, 2015 at 13:32
• @MARamezani Thank you very much for the comment! I've found this particular formula in an Italian language book: A. Mottana, R. Crespi, G. Liborio, "Minerali e rocce" ('Minerals and rocks'), but I've found similar notations in several other books of earth sciences. Commented Jan 18, 2015 at 14:16
• Maybe, and I say maybe, they wanted to demonstrate something like, for example, brochantite has $\ce{OH-}, \ce{SO4^{2-}}$ and copper. Commented Jan 18, 2015 at 15:24
• Now that I think about it, I see that two brackets like this ][, if not awkward, would've looked way messier than a | . Maybe it was the author's or the publisher's attempt to make chemical formulas look a little bit neater. Commented Jan 18, 2015 at 16:25
• @Self-teachingDavide Since $UO$ exists as a compound, then $UO_2^{2-}$ can also exist. webelements.com/compounds/uranium/uranium_oxide.html
– LDC3
Commented Jan 18, 2015 at 17:39

Perhaps the notation $\rm [(OH)_6|SO_4]$ is an attempt to indicate this arrangement. The brackets denote the electronegative part of the structure, with what comes before the vertical bar representing directly coordinated ions, with what comes after representing ions that aren't directly coordinated.