I have a bowl containing cheap wine and an immersible fish tank heater. The heater warms the wine to 30 deg C. The bowl is located in a large closed bucket, where it sits on a support. The bucket is sited out of doors in winter when the air temperature is Ca 1 deg C. Evaporation occurs and the vapour condenses on the inner surface of the bucket. Droplets of condensate run down and form a pool of liquid on the floor of the bucket.
Question: what can be predicted about the composition of the condensate?
Question #2 What effect is achieved by raising or lowering the temperature of the wine on the composition of the condensate. In plain language what temperature of the wine will give me the highest concentration of alcohol in the condensate? How can the strength of the alcohol be measured?
Question #3 What is the effect of different air temperatures outside of the bucket (on the composition of the condensate)?
Question #4 Why is this method not commonly used to concentrate alcohol?