# Inductive effect in Organic Chemistry [closed]

1. Why does $\ce{O-}$ show +I effect? On the other hand why does $\ce{OH-}$ show -I effect? both oxygens are electron rich and are negatively charged. my teacher says that charge on the species is a headache for the species ,so according to me both the oxygens should show +I effect, that is donating electrons tendency. Plus they have lone pairs too.

2. How can we extend the similar explanation for the halides? they have 3 lone pairs so they should also not take up more electrons.

3. If carbon is double bonded to oxygen then is there any inductive effect taking place over there?

Organic is confusing me. Help would be appreciated.

## closed as too broad by Jan, Wildcat, bon, M.A.R., Todd MinehardtOct 9 '15 at 21:41

Please edit the question to limit it to a specific problem with enough detail to identify an adequate answer. Avoid asking multiple distinct questions at once. See the How to Ask page for help clarifying this question. If this question can be reworded to fit the rules in the help center, please edit the question.

• Three questions in one! – Jan Oct 9 '15 at 15:51
• Organic is confusing me, too. Voting to close... – Todd Minehardt Oct 9 '15 at 21:40