That explains a eutectic but does not answer the question, which is a good one for solid-state chemists.
A cocrystal is a crystalline, multiple component solid with a distinct stoichiometry (molar ratio) between components where a single component is neutral overall(can exist alone without a counter ion, typically non-ionic but a zwitterion counts as a single neutral component) and the components interact by non-covalent interactions that can be partially ionic and has distinctive crystalline characterization data, i.e. to be crystalline a solid the mixed solid phase needs to have X-Ray or electron diffraction data that distinguishes it from its starting components.
So, the eutectic phase of 2 solids, or the solid mixture with the lowest melting pt, can be a cocrystal, but a cocrystal is not necessarily a eutectic. A solid mixture with no regular repeating crystal lattice and no consistent molar ratio (stoichiometry) is called a solid solution. So a eutectic phase could be a cocrystal, or a salt, or a mix of those, or physical mix (solid solution).