I have a question concerning metal ligand complexes.
In every chemistry text book I have read which treats metal ligand complexes, following situation is discussed: When 6 ligands (in octahedral coordination) approaches a metal ion with d-orbitals, 2 of the three orbitals are energetically raised because these orbitals have their lobs in direction of the ligands.
But why is this always true? Why does always point the lobes of the z² and x²-y² orbital towards the ligands coming from "above" and "below"? Isn't it possible, that the z-axis of orbital system of the metal is a little bit inclined with respect to the octahedral ligand system surrounding the middle metal ion?
The only thing I can think of, is that this is because of energetic reasons. That in total, it's energetically more favourable when 3 of the 5 d-orbitals are arranged, so that electron occupying these orbitals have the lowest possible energies.
But up to now, I haven't found anything discussing this question.
Thanks in advance, Jürgen