I think I am getting slightly confused about the names we give to functional groups. I am aware that there are different types of functional groups such as alkyl, aryl and acyl groups.
I also know that there exist functional groups such as those of esters, ketones and amides which come under the acyl group. However, thinking about this recently I also realised that there existed a carbonyl group, which is also present in a ketone?
I am also a bit confused as to whether the acyl group's general formula is RCO or RCOX where X could be a variety of groups. Also, is R a part of the functional group or is it there to show what the functional group is attached to.
Could someone please make this hierarchy of functional groups a bit clearer?